join our mailing list

today!

Here you will find Information on How to buy a Diamond, as well as educational information on Loose!

info@diamondsandgifts.com

Learn about Diamonds before you buy!

We strive to provide you with the very best educational material which gives you with the necessary knowledge to make better jewelry purchases.

There are several grading laboratories, the most prominent being:

The International Gemological Institute (IGI)

The Gemological Institute of America (GIA)

The American Gem Society (AGS)

The European Gemological Laboratories (EGL)

The World Diamond Council (HRD)

and GemEx Systems

The reason it is important to have a Diamond evaluated by an Independent Gemological Laboratory is that Diamonds often contain minute, invisible to the naked eye inclusions or imperfections. These can have a major influence on the price. Therefore, if not for a great deal of scrutiny on the part of the buyer, it is easy to make a mistake and purchase a Diamond of lower value, believing it to be of higher value.

A Diamond Certificate is a document issued by a Gemological Laboratory and is essentially a statement confirming the characteristics and authenticity of a Diamond and will usually contain the following information:

Reference number - This number allows laboratories to access your Diamond information in the event of any queries you may have.

Shape & Style / Cut - The shape & style characteristics relating to your Diamond. Eg. Round Brilliant.

Measurements - The measurements for your Diamond, which will either be shown as (minimum diameter) (maximum diameter) x (depth) for round brilliant Diamonds and (length-top to bottom) x (width-left to right) x (depth) for all other shapes. All measurements will be given in millimeters.

Proportions - This information is used to highlight your Diamonds values in terms of girdle, culet, durability, weight ratio and tilt.

Finish - Used to describe the Polish & Symmetry of your Diamond and relates to how smooth the Diamonds facets are. Finish information also takes into account the placement of the Diamonds facets and their uniformity.

Color - The laboratories opinion on the color of your Diamond. This may be displayed as a letter (D to Z, with D being a colorless Diamond) or as a number (0 to 10, with 0 being used to describe a colorless Diamond).

Clarity - This information refers to any blemishes and inclusions that your Diamond may have. This information may be displayed as Flawless / Internally Flawless (FL/IF) to I (Included). As with color, this information may also be displayed as numbers (0-10), with 0 representing a Flawless / Internally Flawless Diamond.

Fluorescence - This part of the report provides you with information on any fluorescence in your Diamond. Fluorescence is a form of illumination that is created when a Diamond is exposed to low or high wave ultraviolet radiation. Fluorescence is graded from none through faint, slight, medium or moderate and continues up to strong and extreme.

Weight - This section gives your Diamonds weight information, to the nearest thousandth of a carat (one carat = 0.2 grams). Carats are further divided into points. Points are used to describe Diamonds of sizes less than one carat in weight. A hundredth of a carat is also called a point. Therefore a 0.10 carat stone can be called either 10 points, or 1/10 of a carat.

Plot - This part of a Diamond Grading Report will show an enlarged picture of your Diamond and will illustrate the location/s of any blemishes or inclusions in your Diamond.

Scale - Use this part of your report to compare your Diamonds characteristics against the Color, Cut & Clarity scales.

Our customers are purchasing the ultimate symbol of love and devotion, commitment and togetherness. We believe that our customers are entitled to expect the best, and deserve to be able to feel confident in their decisions.